Post Tagged with: "Madagascar"

Large wolf spider from Madagascar named for the albino direwolf Ghost, from the Game of Thrones

Large wolf spider from Madagascar named for the albino direwolf Ghost, from the Game of Thrones

Arachnids, Celebrity Taxa, New Species November 30, 2017 at 10:34 am

A large white species of wolf spider, Ocyale ghost Jocque M. & Jocqué R. sp. nov. is described from a white sandy beach of an inland freshwater lake in the northwest of Madagascar. The first photos of a living specimen of the genus Ocyale are provided together with some observations on the biology of the newly described species. Wolf Spiders, Lycosidae, are large, active Spiders that do not build webs, ambushing animals that passes close to their burrows or actively seeking out and chasing down prey. They have large prominent eyes, and a habit of carrying their eggs in a sack on their abdomens.

26 new species of miniature frogs from Madagascar.  Two are delightfully obscene.

26 new species of miniature frogs from Madagascar. Two are delightfully obscene.

Amphibians, Celebrity Taxa, New Species November 27, 2017 at 9:45 am

26 new species of Stumpffia, a genus of small narrow-mouthed frogs endemic to Madagascar, have been described in a single research paper.  The monograph contains a complete revision of the existing 14 species of Stumpffia.   Some of the Stumpffia are are among the smallest frogs in the world; Stumpffia contumelia, measures only 8-9 mm. Due to their extreme miniaturization many species show an extraordinary reduction of their fingers and toes. In some cases only a long middle finger is retained, reminding an insulting gesture — resulting in the delightfully named Stumpffia obscoena.  One of the frogs is named in honor of  Sir David Attenborough.  ThisRead More

New bushcricket species are among the largest insects in the world

New bushcricket species are among the largest insects in the world

Insects, New Species November 5, 2017 at 12:43 pm

A new genus and seven new species of katydids are among the biggest, bulkiest insects on Earth. Found only on the island of Madagascar, the bugs have the “biceps” of a bodybuilder and can be very aggressive—both surprising traits for katydids.

An orchid with large flowers that smells like champagne, and nine other new orchids from Magagascar

An orchid with large flowers that smells like champagne, and nine other new orchids from Magagascar

New Species, Plants October 18, 2017 at 11:54 am

A new species of orchid with enormous, highly scented flowers has been discovered in Madagascar. It was discovered by Austrian botanist Anton Sieder, who passed on his findings to the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, who confirmed the plant, named Cynorkis christae, as being new to science.  Another nine new orchids have been discovered in the same area in the past two years, including Cynorkis aconitiflora a delicate, violet flowered species with blooms similar to Aconitum and Cynorkis elephantina, notable for its speckled flowers and flower stems.

Two new species of saw-browed diamond frogs from Madagascar

Two new species of saw-browed diamond frogs from Madagascar

Amphibians, New Species September 28, 2017 at 10:09 am

Known only from high elevations (1339–1407 m) in the forest of the Sorata Massif in northern Madagascar.   Three new species of saw-browed diamond frogs have been discovered in Madagascar in the past three years.   

New Species of Gecko can Squirm Right Out of its Skin

New Species of Gecko can Squirm Right Out of its Skin

New Species, Reptiles February 7, 2017 at 9:42 am

Fish-scale geckos have large scales that tear away with ease, leaving them free to escape whilst the predator is left with a mouth full of scales. A newly discovered species in Madagascar is the master of this art, possessing the largest scales of any gecko.  Geckolepis megalepis is the first Geckolepis species to be described in 75 years.

A tiny new lemur species with big, soulful eyes

A tiny new lemur species with big, soulful eyes

Mammals, New Species January 19, 2017 at 12:57 am

The Ankarana or Sheth’s dwarf lemur (Cheirogaleus shethi) weighs a little over 100 grams, has a body length of just 12 centimeters (plus a tail of about 16 centimeters), and has tiny hands that probably wouldn’t even wrap about a human finger.

A new lanternshark, from the SW Indian Ocean.

A new lanternshark, from the SW Indian Ocean.

Fish, New Species November 20, 2016 at 8:27 am

A new species of lanternshark, Etmopterus alphus, is described from the south-western Indian Ocean.  See also the recently described ninja lanternshark.                        

‘Ghost snake’ discovered in Madagascar

‘Ghost snake’ discovered in Madagascar

New Species, Reptiles September 2, 2016 at 1:35 pm

Researchers found the ghost snake on a recently opened path within the well-traveled Ankarana National Park in northern Madagascar in February 2014. They studied the snake’s physical characteristics and genetics, which verified that it is a new species.

A review of herbarium collections and molecular methods results in a revision of the custard apple genus Monanthotaxis, and nine new species.

A review of herbarium collections and molecular methods results in a revision of the custard apple genus Monanthotaxis, and nine new species.

New Species, Plants, Species Discovery September 1, 2016 at 4:42 pm

Combining modern molecular methods, with more traditional morphological ones, a recent revision of the custard apple genus Monanthotaxis has revealed a nonet of new species.  Lying unnoticed on shelves, some of these species had to wait for many decades to be discovered with methods, unavailable at the time of their collection. Some collected 40 years ago, some as far back as a 100, the nine new species are described in the open access journal Phytokeys to showcase the importance of herbarium collections in Botany.

Sir David Attenborough’s Dragonfly

Sir David Attenborough’s Dragonfly

Celebrity Taxa, Insects, New Species May 20, 2016 at 10:19 am

A newly discovered dragonfly from Madagascar has been named in honour of BDS Patron Sir David Attenborough on the occasion of his 90th birthday, and in recognition of Sir David’s lifelong devotion to championing the work of hundreds of scientists, conservation biologists and naturalists worldwide, enlightening generations of children, and inspiring the public’s love of nature.  Video of co-discover Dr. Klaas-Douwe Dijkstra’s birthday gift to Sir Attenborough.  The discovery of this dragonfly among others shows that in many cases, unknown species are thriving within human communities.

New Genetic Methods Help Identify Three New Mouse Lemur Species

New Genetic Methods Help Identify Three New Mouse Lemur Species

Mammals, New Species April 15, 2016 at 3:58 pm

Scientists from the German Primate Center (DPZ), the University of Kentucky, the American Duke Lemur Center and the Université d’Antananarivo in Madagascar have described three new species of mouse lemurs. They live in the South and East of Madagascar and increase the number of known mouse lemur species to 24. As little as 20 years ago, only two species of these small, nocturnal primates were known. New genetic methods and expeditions to remote areas have made the new descriptions possible (Molecular Ecology).

A new species and genus of ‘horned necked’ praying mantis from a French museum collection

A new species and genus of ‘horned necked’ praying mantis from a French museum collection

Insects, New Species January 26, 2016 at 12:00 am

While studying the insect collection of the Museum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, France, two American scientists uncovered a small, leaf-dwelling praying mantis with unique features collected from Madagascar in 2001.  Its distinctive horned neck and flattened, cone-like eyes, as well as the location from where it was found, led the researchers to assign the insect to a new genus and species.

New Species of Dwarf Lemur

New Species of Dwarf Lemur

Celebrity Taxa, Mammals, New Species October 12, 2015 at 11:44 am

In northern Madagascar’s Montagne d’Ambre National Park, Dr Runhua Lei of the Omaha’s Henry Doorly Zoo and Aquarium and his colleagues from Australia, Madagascar and the United States have discovered a new species of lemur.