Post Tagged with: "India"

A new species of gecko endemic to the Eastern Ghats, India

A new species of gecko endemic to the Eastern Ghats, India

New Species, Reptiles December 6, 2017 at 11:48 pm

A new species of gecko was found in the Eastern Ghats in northern Andhra Pradesh, India.  This is the third vertebrate endemic to the Mahendragiri Range, highlighting the significance of this topographically complex region.  The new species was earlier misidentified as the spotted rock gecko (Hemidactylus maculatus) – a large-bodied lizard, endemic to the northern Western Ghats in Maharashtra.  However, after studying its DNA, the authors found that the two species have geographically separated populations that deeply divergent from each other, and morphological characters showed that the new species has many unique, diagnostic characters.  

A new banana from Andaman Island, India

A new banana from Andaman Island, India

New Species, Plants November 10, 2017 at 2:36 pm

Edible wild banana species discovered, the second such on the island in two years.  Musa paramjitiana species grows to height of nine metres and bears an edible, sweet-and-sour tasting fruit, The which has been part of the diet of local tribes people.  The authors suggest the new species might be a good choice as genetic base for plant breeders to develop a high yielding, disease resistant variety of parthenocarpic edible banana The critically endangered species was found in North Andaman’s Krishnapuri forest, 6 kilometres from any human habitation.  See other banana species recently discovered.

A huge new gecko, hiding in plain sight

A huge new gecko, hiding in plain sight

New Species, Reptiles October 21, 2017 at 9:27 am

Growing to over eight inches long, the adult Kanger valley rock gecko is fairly large. The researchers found them in abandoned houses in Kanger Ghati National Park and juveniles on termite mounds and tree trunks. Though several researchers and reptile buffs had spotted the species before, they had mistaken it for the commonly-found rock gecko which it resembles.

A space-based microbe, and now a medicinal plant named for Indian President

A space-based microbe, and now a medicinal plant named for Indian President

New Species, Plants September 13, 2017 at 9:52 am

Indian scientists scouting the foothills of Darjeeling have discovered a new plant species and they have lovingly named it after India’s ‘people’s president’ Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.  The shrub was found growing in the forests of Jaldapara and Buxa National Parks in West Bengal.  Scientists from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory had earlier named a new microbe Solibacillus kalamii in honour of Dr Kalam, which has been found only in space, on the International Space Station (story).

A second species of the snake genus Blythia

A second species of the snake genus Blythia

New Species, Reptiles August 28, 2017 at 2:22 pm

A second species of the genus Blythia is described, from Mizoram, India.

A frog with a funny face

A frog with a funny face

Amphibians, New Species August 23, 2017 at 11:22 pm

Nasikabatrachus bhupathi is soiled-dwelling species of purple frog. It inhabits the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats.  The discovery is significant as it constitutes additional evidence in favour of the theory of continental drift.  The Purple frog is an inhabitant of Seychelles, and the discovery of Bhupathy’s purple frog in India suggests that the Indian subcontinent was part of the ancient landmass of Gondwana before splitting from Seychelles 65 million years ago.

Four new species of burrowing frog, from Western Ghats India

Four new species of burrowing frog, from Western Ghats India

Amphibians, New Species June 22, 2017 at 10:56 am

Of the 40-odd species of frogs that belong to genus Fejerverya, only one was previously known to have a burrowing lifestyle – the Rufescent Burrowing Frog.  After sampling populations of frogs in parts of the Western Ghats that looked similar to the Rufescent Burrowing Frog, scientists identified four different species entirely – based on differences in DNA, physical appearance and variations in their calls. These new species are the Neilcox Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya neilcoxi), the Manoharan Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya manoharani), the CEPF Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya cepfi) and the Kadar Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya kadar).  

Species of sunflower, a tassle flower, discovered in Eastern Ghats, India

Species of sunflower, a tassle flower, discovered in Eastern Ghats, India

New Species, Plants May 8, 2017 at 10:51 am

The new species, ‘Emilia reddyi’, is found on Galikonda hill of the Eastern Ghats near Araku Valley in Visakhapatnam district.  

A New Genus species of diplurid Spider from northeast India

A New Genus species of diplurid Spider from northeast India

Arachnids, New Species May 2, 2017 at 10:59 am

The collected specimen differs from all known species and genera from Asia. A detailed comparison of museum material was used to conclude that the specimen is a new species; a new genus is proposed.

Almost blind, albino crab discovered in deep cave in Northeast India

Almost blind, albino crab discovered in deep cave in Northeast India

Crustaceans, New Species April 24, 2017 at 4:28 pm

India’s eighth longest cave in Meghalaya has revealed on almost blind, albino crab that had to date remained hidden in the darkest corners of the 7.3 km long cave.

Tree climbing crab discovered in India

Tree climbing crab discovered in India

Crustaceans, New Species April 20, 2017 at 11:47 am

A striking new species of crab has been found living in tree-holes high above the ground. The animal, which fits in the palm of a human hand, has a deep bluish black body that stands out against the tree bark that it prowls for worms and seeds to eat.  

A new species of gecko from India’s Satpura Tiger Reserve

A new species of gecko from India’s Satpura Tiger Reserve

New Species, Reptiles April 14, 2017 at 1:36 pm

About the size of a human palm, the reptile was not easy to find: It’s active at night, dwells on vertical cliffs, and looks a lot like its close relatives.

A large colorful species of sardine, discovered in west India fish markets.

A large colorful species of sardine, discovered in west India fish markets.

Fish, New Species, Species Discovery April 6, 2017 at 10:33 am

The new species, Amblygaster indiana sp. nov., is described from 12 specimens collected from fish landing centers and fish markets at Eraviputhenthurai, west coast of India.

A fish with a short snout

A fish with a short snout

Fish, New Species March 20, 2017 at 1:17 pm

A new fish has been discovered from Assam’s Dima Hasao district by a three member fish specialist’s team from North Eastern states of Manipur and Assam.   See also Garra robertsi, sp. nov.

Seven new species of night frogs, some of the smallest known frogs in the world

Seven new species of night frogs, some of the smallest known frogs in the world

Amphibians, New Species February 24, 2017 at 9:25 am

Seven new frog species have been discovered in the Western Ghats of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.  The new frog species belong to the genus Nyctibatrachus, commonly known as Night Frogs.  Out of the seven newly discovered frog species, four are miniature-sized species which are among the smallest known frogs in the world, frogs which could comfortably sit on a coin or a thumbnail. See also New Species Discovery: A Doting Frog Father

Forgotten museum specimen and field study of birdsong leads to discovery of new bird species

Forgotten museum specimen and field study of birdsong leads to discovery of new bird species

Birds, New Species January 25, 2017 at 12:19 pm

A museum specimens forgotten for 120 years in a cabinet at the Trivandrum Natural History Museum lead to the field discovery of a new species of bird, in the coastal mountain chain of islands in the southwest of India.  Two new genera are described from revised species analysis, Western Ghats shortwings as Sholicola and the laughing thrushes as Montecincla.

New Ginger species with medicinal properties found in Andaman Islands, India

New Ginger species with medicinal properties found in Andaman Islands, India

New Species, Plants January 25, 2017 at 12:34 am

The species Zingiber pseudosquarrosum, new to science was already used by the local Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups ( PVTGs) of the Andamans for its medicinal values.  During an expedition to north and middle Andaman, one of local guides, who was a Nicobarese, shared his traditional knowledge about this species, which was so far hidden from science.  After collecting and systematically analysing the species, scientists found that the new species indeed possesses ethno-medicinal uses. “The fresh extract [juice] of fleshy tuberous roots is used to treat abdominal pain and anti-helminthic troubles by Nicobarese and certain other tribal communities.

A new species of snakehead from northeastern India

A new species of snakehead from northeastern India

Fish, New Species January 9, 2017 at 9:21 am

A new species of Channa from the Poma River (Brahmaputra River basin) in Papum Pare district of Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India is described.

A new day gecko from India

A new day gecko from India

New Species, Reptiles December 27, 2016 at 7:44 pm

Cnemaspis flaviventralis, a new species of day gecko, is described from the forests of Amboli, Sindhudurg District, Maharashtra State, northern Western Ghats, India.

A frog discovered with the help of citizen scientists

A frog discovered with the help of citizen scientists

Amphibians, Citizen Science, New Species December 26, 2016 at 6:25 pm

Working with amateur researchers scientists from Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment have discovered a new species of frog, in the southwest coastal region of India.  The frog was first identified through its call, sounding very much like a kingfisher.  The frog belongs to a group known as “skittering frogs,” because of their habit of floating on water and skittering away when disturbed.