Post Tagged with: "Hawaii"

New critically endangered tree species depends on unique habitat found only on Kaua’i

New critically endangered tree species depends on unique habitat found only on Kaua’i

New Species, Plants August 30, 2017 at 9:43 pm

The new Melicope species, 5 to 12 m tall, was first collected and documented as early as 1988.  (Melicope oppenheimeri, described in 2016, is one of the rarest tree species on earth).  94 individuals of the new species Melicope stonei, have been mapped by local botanists in regions featuring unique high canopy mesic forest.  Among the most striking characters of Melicope stonei are the ramiflorous inflorescences, meaning that the flowers spring directly from the branches below the leaves..

A bioluminescent lanternshark

A bioluminescent lanternshark

Fish, New Species August 24, 2017 at 5:38 pm

The small, bioluminescent, long nosed shark was found nearly 1,000 feet below the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Hawaii’s northwestern islands.  First discovered 17 years ago, initial findings were published in February before the news was widely circulated by the corresponding researchers’ institutions this month.   See also other lanternsharks recently discovered.

New fern species found near waterfalls in Maui

New fern species found near waterfalls in Maui

New Species, Plants January 31, 2017 at 10:26 am

Newly discovered fern species prefers fast moving water habitats, decorates the walls of streams and waterfalls on East Maui, Hawai. A Mature plants of Athyrium haleakalae, showing habitat preference along concave hollow of stream, Hana Forest Reserve, East Maui, HI (22 Aug 2013, Wood & Oppenheimer 15639) B Mature plant of Athyrium microphyllum, showing terrestrial habitat preference, erect rhizome, and large size, Mohihi, Kaua‘i, HI (18 Dec 2014, Wood & Flynn et al. 16175). Photos by K.R. Wood.    

One of the rarest species on Earth

One of the rarest species on Earth

Plants, Species Update January 24, 2017 at 4:08 pm

Update re: the 2016 discovery of Melicope tree species in Hawaii (see story). Discoverers from the Botany Dept of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History say Melicope oppenheimeri “ranks among the rarest species on this planet”.  The tree is known today from only 3 wild specimens on an isolated cliff-base plateau in West Maui’s upper Waihe‘e Valley. Seven wild specimens first drew the attention of botanists in 1998. Four have since died.  

Newly Discovered Species Named for President Obama (updated 12-26-16)

Newly Discovered Species Named for President Obama (updated 12-26-16)

Celebrity Taxa, Fish, New Species December 26, 2016 at 5:03 pm

The species was discovered 300 feet deep, on June 5, 2016, during a research trip to Kure, the world’s northernmost atoll.  The species name and description was published Dec 2016. “It is the one fish known to live only within the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, a pristine expanse of coral reefs and seamounts home to millions of seabirds, endangered turtles, endangered monk seals, and more than 7,000 species. So scientists thought it only fitting to name this fish after President Barack Obama, who dramatically expanded Papahānaumokuākea, creating the largest swath of protected land or water on Earth, an area roughly twice the size ofRead More

A new species of Citrus trees from West Maui, Hawaii.

A new species of Citrus trees from West Maui, Hawaii.

New Species, Plants September 14, 2016 at 9:20 am

This taxon is the 49th recognized Melicope species in the Hawaiian islands and is one of 13 Melicope taxa on the Hawaii Plant Extinction Prevention Species list.

A deep reef Butterflyfish now described.

A deep reef Butterflyfish now described.

Fish, New Species September 6, 2016 at 3:23 pm

This species was first observed in video taken from manned submersibles more than 20 years ago, at depths as great as 600 feet. However, because of the extreme depths, it was many years before technical divers using advanced electronic closed-circuit rebreathers were able to collect and describe the species. Video

Four new algae species discovered in Hawaii’s deep waters

Four new algae species discovered in Hawaii’s deep waters

New Species, Plants February 2, 2016 at 12:00 am

Scientists have announced the discovery of four new species of deep-water algae in Hawaii’s Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument. The new species were collected between 200-400 feet, depths not typically known for marine algae.