Plants

New species of parasitic orchid discovered in Japan

New species of parasitic orchid discovered in Japan

Citizen Science, New Species, Plants, Species Discovery November 7, 2016 at 6:16 pm

Some plant species have abandoned photosynthesis, instead feeding off the roots of host fungi such as mushrooms and mould. These plants are called mycoheterotrophs. A Japanese photographer has discovered a new mycoheterotoph in the lowland laurel forests of Yakushima and named it Lecanorchis tabugawaensis.  Approximately 50 mycoheterotrophs species have been reported in Japan.

Strange New Flowering Plant Doesn’t Bloom or Photosynthesize

Strange New Flowering Plant Doesn’t Bloom or Photosynthesize

New Species, Plants October 18, 2016 at 9:50 am

A new plant species discovered on the subtropical Japanese island of Kuroshima has been named .  But this is not your average plant. It belongs to a curious group of small, non-photosynthetic plants called mycorrhizae, which form a symbiotic relationship between their roots and fungi to obtain nutrients. Gastrodia kuroshimensis. Photo credit: Kenji Suetsugu

A new species of Citrus trees from West Maui, Hawaii.

A new species of Citrus trees from West Maui, Hawaii.

New Species, Plants September 14, 2016 at 9:20 am

This taxon is the 49th recognized Melicope species in the Hawaiian islands and is one of 13 Melicope taxa on the Hawaii Plant Extinction Prevention Species list.

Another new species of Manhiot found in cerrado vegetation in Brazil.

Another new species of Manhiot found in cerrado vegetation in Brazil.

New Species, Plants September 14, 2016 at 9:07 am

Researchers from Universidade Federal de Goiás, describe a new species of Cassava from the Cerrado of Goiás State, Brazil.  Two other species from the same region were described earlier this year.   This new species, Manihot pachycaulis, has a uniquely enlarged basal part of the stem, plausibly an adaptation for storage of water and nutrients, and is further peculiar for combining morphological characters otherwise characteristic for different sections of the genus. Also in this paper, the anatomy of the Manhiot stem is analysed and described for the first time.  

A review of herbarium collections and molecular methods results in a revision of the custard apple genus Monanthotaxis, and nine new species.

A review of herbarium collections and molecular methods results in a revision of the custard apple genus Monanthotaxis, and nine new species.

New Species, Plants, Species Discovery September 1, 2016 at 4:42 pm

Combining modern molecular methods, with more traditional morphological ones, a recent revision of the custard apple genus Monanthotaxis has revealed a nonet of new species.  Lying unnoticed on shelves, some of these species had to wait for many decades to be discovered with methods, unavailable at the time of their collection. Some collected 40 years ago, some as far back as a 100, the nine new species are described in the open access journal Phytokeys to showcase the importance of herbarium collections in Botany.

A new plant, found growing by the roadside

A new plant, found growing by the roadside

New Species, Plants, Species Discovery August 31, 2016 at 10:11 am

“This species, a wintergreen in the heath family, was completely unknown to science despite its occurrence right along a roadside–it just needed someone with a particular focus on this group in order to collect and study it. This finding highlights that fact that our knowledge of even basic species numbers and abundance in most areas of the world, but especially biodiversity hotspots such as the Philippines, is woefully inadequate, and much more field and laboratory work needs to be done for thoroughly documenting life on our planet.”

Five new species of spider orchid, from New Zealand

Five new species of spider orchid, from New Zealand

New Species, Plants August 20, 2016 at 9:42 pm

Five new species of Corybas endemic to New Zealand, C. confusus, C. obscurus, C. sanctigeorgianus, C. vitreus, and C. wallii are described, classified from DNA analysis.  Spider orchids are one of the most common and widespread terrestrial orchids in NZ            

A new flowering plant from Chongqing in SW China.

A new flowering plant from Chongqing in SW China.

New Species, Plants June 16, 2016 at 1:12 pm

  Found in the Pengshui County, China in 2013 and only recently described.   Spiradiclis pengshuiensis was found growing on  cliffs nearby the A-Yi-He river. Source: One species a day: A new plant: Spiradiclis pengshuiensis Report: One species a day: A new plant: Spiradiclis pengshuiensis  

A new orchid from tropical west Africa

A new orchid from tropical west Africa

New Species, Plants June 1, 2016 at 10:27 am

Polystachya orophila, a new species of Orchidaceae, is described based on specimens collected during the baseline study of the Guinean Nimba Mountains for the environmental impact assessment for a proposed mining project.

A beautiful new flower, from India.

A beautiful new flower, from India.

New Species, Plants June 1, 2016 at 10:18 am

A new elegant species of Corynandra is described and illustrated from Konkan region of Maharashtra, India.    

Four New Species of Microchirita from Thailand

Four New Species of Microchirita from Thailand

New Species, Plants May 31, 2016 at 9:37 am

Four new species of Microchirita, from Tak province, Thailand.  Each is critically endangered, with very small, isolated populations.  

A new species of Plantago found only in a single waterfall in southern Brazil

A new species of Plantago found only in a single waterfall in southern Brazil

New Species, Plants May 20, 2016 at 9:43 am

This article presents and describes Plantago humboldtiana, an extremely narrow endemic rheophytic new species from a waterfall in Corupá, Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil.  The genus has a long history of traditional medicinal uses and some new therapeutic and commercially important properties are being discovered.  

2,034 vascular plant species new to science in 2015

2,034 vascular plant species new to science in 2015

New Species, Plants May 12, 2016 at 9:08 am

New species of trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants have been discovered, including some new plants from well-known horticultural families, food crops, grasses and carnivorous plants. In addition to those found during fieldwork, there are also new species that have been discovered as a result of re-examining herbarium sheets, which often contain plant specimens collected many years ago. A full list of the new species can be found at the IPNI website (http://www.ipni.org). Some of the more unusual finds are described here.

The smallest species of the largest flowers in the world identified; smells like coconut.

The smallest species of the largest flowers in the world identified; smells like coconut.

New Species, Plants March 24, 2016 at 3:36 pm

The new species was discovered by accident when a field assistant tripped over a pile of forest litter exposing a decaying flower.  From Wikipedia did you know: “… that unlike other members of its genus, including the giant “corpse flower”, the newly discovered Rafflesia consueloae smells like young coconut meat?”  

A New Species of Salvia from Yunnan, China

A New Species of Salvia from Yunnan, China

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 4:32 pm

A new species of Salvia (Lamiaceae) has been found growing locally in forest margins and alpine meadows in Shangri-La County in northwestern Yunnan, China, described as Salvia lagochila and referred to S. subgen. Salvia sect. Eurysphace subsect. Perennes, but it differs from other related species by having hastate-triangular leaves and bi-partite upper corolla lip, as well as in the micromorphology and anatomy of nutlets and leaves.

A new orchid is described from Manipur in India

A new orchid is described from Manipur in India

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 4:27 pm

A new orchid species, viz. Sarcoglyphis manipurensis, is described and illustrated from Imphal east and Chandel districts of Manipur in northeast India. It’s distinguishing characters and affinity with S. mirabilis (Rchb.f.) Garay is discussed. An updated artificial key to all known species of Sarcoglyphis is provided. Sarcoglyphis (Orchidaceae) comprises 14 species distributed from India and China to Indonesia. In this new paper, an identification key to these species is provided at the same time as a new species, viz. Sarcoglyphis manipurensis, is described from Manipur in India. Apart from macromorphological characteristics, the anatomy and cytology of this new species areRead More

A new species of Disporum from China-Vietnam border.

A new species of Disporum from China-Vietnam border.

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 4:23 pm

A new species of Disporum (Colchichaceae) has been found growing at limestone peaks in evergreen broad-leaved forest along the Chineese border to Vietnam, southwestern Guangxi, China, and is here described as Disporum sinovietnamicum. This beautyful novelity resemble D. jinfoshanense, but is a taller plant with more numerous leaves and sheaths, larger and glabrous tepals, more numerous stamens, and it produces oval berries.”  Nordic Journal of Botany, Facebook

A new moss sp Didymodon liae growing on thin turf in Tibet

A new moss sp Didymodon liae growing on thin turf in Tibet

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 3:46 pm

“Didymodon liae J. Kou, X.-M. Shao & C. Feng sp. nov., is described and illustrated from Dagzê County in south central Tibet, China. The new species is most similar to Didymodon australasiae (Hook. & Grev.) R. H. Zander, but differs in plants growing loosely in a thin turf, stems without hyalodermis and sclerodermis, margins recurved from just above the base nearly to the apex, laminal cells strongly bulging, mammillose, covered with simple or forked papillae, and costa with a layer of ventral substereids. The new species is contrasted with other similar species of the genus. Information on its distribution andRead More

A third species added to the small species of Rubovietnamia

A third species added to the small species of Rubovietnamia

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 3:42 pm

“A new species of Rubovietnamia (Rubiaceae) has been found as endemic to a small coastal area on Mindanao, Philippines, and is here described as R. coronula. This third species of Rubovietnamia is distinguished from its congeners by its longer petioles, shorter pedicels, shorter calyx tube, reduced calyx lobes, shorter corolla tube, outward curling of corolla lobes, inserted anthers and stigma, shorter and glabrous style, glabrous fruits, and numerous seeds, but shares the same chromosome number (2n = 22). In addition, the delimitation and diagnostic characters of Rubovietnamia and Duperrea is discussed in this new contribution.”  Nordic Botany, Facebook

A new species of Cousinia from eastern Iran

A new species of Cousinia from eastern Iran

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 3:27 pm

A new, almost acaulescent species of Cousinia sect. Lasiandra (Asteraceae) has been found in eastern Iran. In this new paper it is described as C. brevicaulis and a key to all species of this section in Iran is provided together with some notes about their distribution.