Plants

2,034 vascular plant species new to science in 2015

2,034 vascular plant species new to science in 2015

New Species, Plants May 12, 2016 at 9:08 am

New species of trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants have been discovered, including some new plants from well-known horticultural families, food crops, grasses and carnivorous plants. In addition to those found during fieldwork, there are also new species that have been discovered as a result of re-examining herbarium sheets, which often contain plant specimens collected many years ago. A full list of the new species can be found at the IPNI website (http://www.ipni.org). Some of the more unusual finds are described here.

The smallest species of the largest flowers in the world identified; smells like coconut.

The smallest species of the largest flowers in the world identified; smells like coconut.

New Species, Plants March 24, 2016 at 3:36 pm

The new species was discovered by accident when a field assistant tripped over a pile of forest litter exposing a decaying flower.  From Wikipedia did you know: “… that unlike other members of its genus, including the giant “corpse flower”, the newly discovered Rafflesia consueloae smells like young coconut meat?”  

A New Species of Salvia from Yunnan, China

A New Species of Salvia from Yunnan, China

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 4:32 pm

A new species of Salvia (Lamiaceae) has been found growing locally in forest margins and alpine meadows in Shangri-La County in northwestern Yunnan, China, described as Salvia lagochila and referred to S. subgen. Salvia sect. Eurysphace subsect. Perennes, but it differs from other related species by having hastate-triangular leaves and bi-partite upper corolla lip, as well as in the micromorphology and anatomy of nutlets and leaves.

A new orchid is described from Manipur in India

A new orchid is described from Manipur in India

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 4:27 pm

A new orchid species, viz. Sarcoglyphis manipurensis, is described and illustrated from Imphal east and Chandel districts of Manipur in northeast India. It’s distinguishing characters and affinity with S. mirabilis (Rchb.f.) Garay is discussed. An updated artificial key to all known species of Sarcoglyphis is provided. Sarcoglyphis (Orchidaceae) comprises 14 species distributed from India and China to Indonesia. In this new paper, an identification key to these species is provided at the same time as a new species, viz. Sarcoglyphis manipurensis, is described from Manipur in India. Apart from macromorphological characteristics, the anatomy and cytology of this new species areRead More

A new species of Disporum from China-Vietnam border.

A new species of Disporum from China-Vietnam border.

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 4:23 pm

A new species of Disporum (Colchichaceae) has been found growing at limestone peaks in evergreen broad-leaved forest along the Chineese border to Vietnam, southwestern Guangxi, China, and is here described as Disporum sinovietnamicum. This beautyful novelity resemble D. jinfoshanense, but is a taller plant with more numerous leaves and sheaths, larger and glabrous tepals, more numerous stamens, and it produces oval berries.”  Nordic Journal of Botany, Facebook

A new moss sp Didymodon liae growing on thin turf in Tibet

A new moss sp Didymodon liae growing on thin turf in Tibet

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 3:46 pm

“Didymodon liae J. Kou, X.-M. Shao & C. Feng sp. nov., is described and illustrated from Dagzê County in south central Tibet, China. The new species is most similar to Didymodon australasiae (Hook. & Grev.) R. H. Zander, but differs in plants growing loosely in a thin turf, stems without hyalodermis and sclerodermis, margins recurved from just above the base nearly to the apex, laminal cells strongly bulging, mammillose, covered with simple or forked papillae, and costa with a layer of ventral substereids. The new species is contrasted with other similar species of the genus. Information on its distribution andRead More

A third species added to the small species of Rubovietnamia

A third species added to the small species of Rubovietnamia

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 3:42 pm

“A new species of Rubovietnamia (Rubiaceae) has been found as endemic to a small coastal area on Mindanao, Philippines, and is here described as R. coronula. This third species of Rubovietnamia is distinguished from its congeners by its longer petioles, shorter pedicels, shorter calyx tube, reduced calyx lobes, shorter corolla tube, outward curling of corolla lobes, inserted anthers and stigma, shorter and glabrous style, glabrous fruits, and numerous seeds, but shares the same chromosome number (2n = 22). In addition, the delimitation and diagnostic characters of Rubovietnamia and Duperrea is discussed in this new contribution.”  Nordic Botany, Facebook

A new species of Cousinia from eastern Iran

A new species of Cousinia from eastern Iran

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 3:27 pm

A new, almost acaulescent species of Cousinia sect. Lasiandra (Asteraceae) has been found in eastern Iran. In this new paper it is described as C. brevicaulis and a key to all species of this section in Iran is provided together with some notes about their distribution.

A new succulent species of Euphorbiaceae from sandstone formations in Karnataka, India.

A new succulent species of Euphorbiaceae from sandstone formations in Karnataka, India.

New Species, Plants March 21, 2016 at 3:09 pm

Euphorbia gokakensis, a new succulent species of Euphorbiaceae, is described from the Belgaum district of Karnataka, India. The new species belongs to Euphorbia subgen. Euphorbia, and closely resembles Euphorbia caducifolia Haines. However, it is distinguished by its characteristic dwarf habit forming a compact cushion that hardly exceeds 50 cm in height. Euphorbia gokakensis  

A new flower, named for martian botanist Mark Watney.

A new flower, named for martian botanist Mark Watney.

Celebrity Taxa, New Species, Plants February 26, 2016 at 4:26 pm

A new bush tomato species from the Northern Territory, Australia named for Mark Watney.

New species with heart-shaped fruits inspires a love fo…

New species with heart-shaped fruits inspires a love fo…

New Species, Plants February 11, 2016 at 12:00 am

Main Report: EurekeAlert! | Journal: Phytokeys Category: Plants | Taxa: Coprosma cordicarpa | Named for: Coprosma with heart-shaped fruit Other reports: Botanists from Hawai’i have discovered a new species of plant with small heart-shaped fruits. The new species is a member of the coffee family (Rubiaceae) and part of the genus Coprosma, which occurs across many remote islands of the Pacific Ocean.

Four new algae species discovered in Hawaii’s deep waters

Four new algae species discovered in Hawaii’s deep waters

New Species, Plants February 2, 2016 at 12:00 am

Scientists have announced the discovery of four new species of deep-water algae in Hawaii’s Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument. The new species were collected between 200-400 feet, depths not typically known for marine algae.

A new flowering vine from tropical forests in southeastern Brazil.

A new flowering vine from tropical forests in southeastern Brazil.

New Species, Plants January 26, 2016 at 3:09 pm

The new species has been found in ‘restingas’ (sandy soils) and wet tropical Tabuleiro forests in northern Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil.

Two new species of cassava have been found in Brazil

Two new species of cassava have been found in Brazil

New Species, Plants January 26, 2016 at 3:04 pm

Two new species of Manihot have been found in the highly fragmented and threatened Cerrado vegetation of Brazil.  During a botanic expedition in 2013 to study the taxonomy of the genus Manihot in the Cerrado biome, numerous specimens were collected in the Chapada dos Veadeiros region, in central Brazil. After careful analyses, two new species of this genus were discovered.

Smithsonian botanist discovers new ground-flowering plant in Panama

Smithsonian botanist discovers new ground-flowering plant in Panama

New Species, Plants January 21, 2016 at 12:00 am

The newly discovered plant, a wild relative of Rattlesnake- zebra- and peacock plants was discovered by Rodolfo Flores, Panamanian botanist and intern at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI).  Flores disocvered the plant in Panama’s Santa Fe National Park.

A beautiful ‘unexpected’ species of orchid discovered in forests of Pacific Mexico

A beautiful ‘unexpected’ species of orchid discovered in forests of Pacific Mexico

New Species, Plants, Species Discovery January 13, 2016 at 12:00 am

A new elegant orchid species has been found in deciduous forests of the Pacific slope of Oaxaca state, Mexico.  When researchers stumbled across a beautiful orchid in bloom, they found themselves so surprised by its unique colors and forms that they chose the name inopinatus, meaning “unexpected”. Photo: Dr. Carlos L. leopardi-Verde

[Botany • 2015] Newmania sessilanthera • A New Species …

[Botany • 2015] Newmania sessilanthera • A New Species …

New Species, Plants January 7, 2016 at 12:00 am

Main Report: | Category: | Taxa: | Named for: Other reports:

A New Star Thistle, from Western Iran

A New Star Thistle, from Western Iran

New Species, Plants January 7, 2016 at 12:00 am

Main Report: Nordic Journal of Botany | Category: | Taxa: | Named for: Other reports:

Critically Endangered New Tree Species Discovered By Tr…

Critically Endangered New Tree Species Discovered By Tr…

New Species, Plants November 22, 2015 at 12:00 am

Main Report: University Times (Ireland) | Category: | Taxa: | Named for: Other reports:

Musa nanensis: New Species of Wild Banana Discovered in…

Musa nanensis: New Species of Wild Banana Discovered in…

New Species, Plants November 1, 2015 at 12:00 am

Main Report: Sci-News | Category: | Taxa: | Named for: Other reports: