Plants

New mint species

New mint species

New Species, Plants February 16, 2017 at 9:00 am

Two new species of hedge-nettles have been described from Alabama.  Hedge-nettles are a large group of plants in the mint family.

A new species of Impatiens from Cambodia

A new species of Impatiens from Cambodia

New Species, Plants February 15, 2017 at 5:09 pm

It is an annual herb reaching about 40 cm in height, found growing on sandstone tables in an evergreen tropical forest at about 1050 m above sealevel.  The plants flowered in August and bore fruit in November.  There are about 850-1000 species in the Impatiens genus.

New fern species found near waterfalls in Maui

New fern species found near waterfalls in Maui

New Species, Plants January 31, 2017 at 10:26 am

Newly discovered fern species prefers fast moving water habitats, decorates the walls of streams and waterfalls on East Maui, Hawai. A Mature plants of Athyrium haleakalae, showing habitat preference along concave hollow of stream, Hana Forest Reserve, East Maui, HI (22 Aug 2013, Wood & Oppenheimer 15639) B Mature plant of Athyrium microphyllum, showing terrestrial habitat preference, erect rhizome, and large size, Mohihi, Kaua‘i, HI (18 Dec 2014, Wood & Flynn et al. 16175). Photos by K.R. Wood.    

A new species of Gesneriad from Vietnam

A new species of Gesneriad from Vietnam

New Species, Plants January 31, 2017 at 10:08 am

A new species of flowering plant from a genus first decribed in 2014.  The new species is from Cà Ðam Mountains, Quảng Ngãi Province, Central Vietnam.          

New Ginger species with medicinal properties found in Andaman Islands, India

New Ginger species with medicinal properties found in Andaman Islands, India

New Species, Plants January 25, 2017 at 12:34 am

The species Zingiber pseudosquarrosum, new to science was already used by the local Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups ( PVTGs) of the Andamans for its medicinal values.  During an expedition to north and middle Andaman, one of local guides, who was a Nicobarese, shared his traditional knowledge about this species, which was so far hidden from science.  After collecting and systematically analysing the species, scientists found that the new species indeed possesses ethno-medicinal uses. “The fresh extract [juice] of fleshy tuberous roots is used to treat abdominal pain and anti-helminthic troubles by Nicobarese and certain other tribal communities.

A sunflower discovered high in the Colombian Andes, named in honor of president

A sunflower discovered high in the Colombian Andes, named in honor of president

Celebrity Taxa, New Species, Plants January 24, 2017 at 11:59 pm

A new plant species from about 11,000 ft up in the northern Andes of Northeastern Colombia has been named Espeletia praesidentis, in honor of efforts made by Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos to build peace in his country after over five decades of conflict.

One of the rarest species on Earth

One of the rarest species on Earth

Plants, Species Update January 24, 2017 at 4:08 pm

Update re: the 2016 discovery of Melicope tree species in Hawaii (see story). Discoverers from the Botany Dept of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History say Melicope oppenheimeri “ranks among the rarest species on this planet”.  The tree is known today from only 3 wild specimens on an isolated cliff-base plateau in West Maui’s upper Waihe‘e Valley. Seven wild specimens first drew the attention of botanists in 1998. Four have since died.  

New found flower named for Jimi Hendrix

New found flower named for Jimi Hendrix

Celebrity Taxa, New Species, Plants December 16, 2016 at 12:35 am

The plant, named Dudleya hendrixii, is found only in a sliver of Baja California, Mexico, in an area called the Colonet Peninsula (Punta Colonet).  Author Mark Dodero and study co-author Stephen McCabe, a retired botanist formerly at the University of California, Santa Cruz, jointly decided to name the plant in Hendrix’s honor. The idea for the name took root after Dodero realized he was listening to Hendrix’s song “Voodoo Child” at the very moment he found the pinkish plant.

New species of parasitic orchid discovered in Japan

New species of parasitic orchid discovered in Japan

Citizen Science, New Species, Plants, Species Discovery November 7, 2016 at 6:16 pm

Some plant species have abandoned photosynthesis, instead feeding off the roots of host fungi such as mushrooms and mould. These plants are called mycoheterotrophs. A Japanese photographer has discovered a new mycoheterotoph in the lowland laurel forests of Yakushima and named it Lecanorchis tabugawaensis.  Approximately 50 mycoheterotrophs species have been reported in Japan.

Strange New Flowering Plant Doesn’t Bloom or Photosynthesize

Strange New Flowering Plant Doesn’t Bloom or Photosynthesize

New Species, Plants October 18, 2016 at 9:50 am

A new plant species discovered on the subtropical Japanese island of Kuroshima has been named .  But this is not your average plant. It belongs to a curious group of small, non-photosynthetic plants called mycorrhizae, which form a symbiotic relationship between their roots and fungi to obtain nutrients. Gastrodia kuroshimensis. Photo credit: Kenji Suetsugu

A new species of Citrus trees from West Maui, Hawaii.

A new species of Citrus trees from West Maui, Hawaii.

New Species, Plants September 14, 2016 at 9:20 am

This taxon is the 49th recognized Melicope species in the Hawaiian islands and is one of 13 Melicope taxa on the Hawaii Plant Extinction Prevention Species list.

Another new species of Manhiot found in cerrado vegetation in Brazil.

Another new species of Manhiot found in cerrado vegetation in Brazil.

New Species, Plants September 14, 2016 at 9:07 am

Researchers from Universidade Federal de Goiás, describe a new species of Cassava from the Cerrado of Goiás State, Brazil.  Two other species from the same region were described earlier this year.   This new species, Manihot pachycaulis, has a uniquely enlarged basal part of the stem, plausibly an adaptation for storage of water and nutrients, and is further peculiar for combining morphological characters otherwise characteristic for different sections of the genus. Also in this paper, the anatomy of the Manhiot stem is analysed and described for the first time.  

A review of herbarium collections and molecular methods results in a revision of the custard apple genus Monanthotaxis, and nine new species.

A review of herbarium collections and molecular methods results in a revision of the custard apple genus Monanthotaxis, and nine new species.

New Species, Plants, Species Discovery September 1, 2016 at 4:42 pm

Combining modern molecular methods, with more traditional morphological ones, a recent revision of the custard apple genus Monanthotaxis has revealed a nonet of new species.  Lying unnoticed on shelves, some of these species had to wait for many decades to be discovered with methods, unavailable at the time of their collection. Some collected 40 years ago, some as far back as a 100, the nine new species are described in the open access journal Phytokeys to showcase the importance of herbarium collections in Botany.

A new plant, found growing by the roadside

A new plant, found growing by the roadside

New Species, Plants, Species Discovery August 31, 2016 at 10:11 am

“This species, a wintergreen in the heath family, was completely unknown to science despite its occurrence right along a roadside–it just needed someone with a particular focus on this group in order to collect and study it. This finding highlights that fact that our knowledge of even basic species numbers and abundance in most areas of the world, but especially biodiversity hotspots such as the Philippines, is woefully inadequate, and much more field and laboratory work needs to be done for thoroughly documenting life on our planet.”

Five new species of spider orchid, from New Zealand

Five new species of spider orchid, from New Zealand

New Species, Plants August 20, 2016 at 9:42 pm

Five new species of Corybas endemic to New Zealand, C. confusus, C. obscurus, C. sanctigeorgianus, C. vitreus, and C. wallii are described, classified from DNA analysis.  Spider orchids are one of the most common and widespread terrestrial orchids in NZ            

A new flowering plant from Chongqing in SW China.

A new flowering plant from Chongqing in SW China.

New Species, Plants June 16, 2016 at 1:12 pm

  Found in the Pengshui County, China in 2013 and only recently described.   Spiradiclis pengshuiensis was found growing on  cliffs nearby the A-Yi-He river. Source: One species a day: A new plant: Spiradiclis pengshuiensis Report: One species a day: A new plant: Spiradiclis pengshuiensis  

A new orchid from tropical west Africa

A new orchid from tropical west Africa

New Species, Plants June 1, 2016 at 10:27 am

Polystachya orophila, a new species of Orchidaceae, is described based on specimens collected during the baseline study of the Guinean Nimba Mountains for the environmental impact assessment for a proposed mining project.

A beautiful new flower, from India.

A beautiful new flower, from India.

New Species, Plants June 1, 2016 at 10:18 am

A new elegant species of Corynandra is described and illustrated from Konkan region of Maharashtra, India.    

Four New Species of Microchirita from Thailand

Four New Species of Microchirita from Thailand

New Species, Plants May 31, 2016 at 9:37 am

Four new species of Microchirita, from Tak province, Thailand.  Each is critically endangered, with very small, isolated populations.  

A new species of Plantago found only in a single waterfall in southern Brazil

A new species of Plantago found only in a single waterfall in southern Brazil

New Species, Plants May 20, 2016 at 9:43 am

This article presents and describes Plantago humboldtiana, an extremely narrow endemic rheophytic new species from a waterfall in Corupá, Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil.  The genus has a long history of traditional medicinal uses and some new therapeutic and commercially important properties are being discovered.