New Species

A new North American flying squirrel

A new North American flying squirrel

Mammals, New Species May 30, 2017 at 11:40 am

Humboldt’s flying squirrel is the third species of flying squirrel found in North America.  The discovery means that three—not two—species of the furred gliders live in North America, and it changes our understanding of how these squirrels evolved and spread across the american continent.  The newly described Humboldt’s flying  squirrel (Glaucomys oregonensis) is found in forested habitats along the Pacific coast of North America, from southern British Columbia to southern California.

A cryptic species of monkey frog from Amazonian rainforests of northern Peru

A cryptic species of monkey frog from Amazonian rainforests of northern Peru

Amphibians, New Species May 22, 2017 at 2:39 pm

Distinct eye color and genetic data reveal a new species of monkey frog .

ESF 2017 Top 10 New Species (with video)

ESF 2017 Top 10 New Species (with video)

New Species May 19, 2017 at 11:51 am

The ESF International Institute for Species Exploration has released its annual pick of the year’s top ten species.  Dr. Quintin Wheeler, IISE Founding Director and President, SUNY-ESF (College of Environmental Science and Forestry), reviews ESF’s new Top Ten list.  See video Released every year around the birthday of Carolus Linneaus, the 2017 list is the 10th annual ESF Top Ten New Species list.  It is not easy effort, with an approximate average of 18,000 new species described every year.  An international selection committee selected these most fascinating and intriguing newly discovered creatures: “Sorting Hat” Spider (Eriovixia gryffindori) Unexpected Katydid (Eulophophyllum kirki) OmnivorousRead More

A marvelous new glassfrog from Amazonian Ecuador

A marvelous new glassfrog from Amazonian Ecuador

Amphibians, New Species May 19, 2017 at 10:20 am

A recently discovered new species of glass frog from Amazonian Ecuador fully exposes its heart thanks to the transparent skin stretching all over its chest as well as tummy.

A new semi arboreal frog from northern Peru

A new semi arboreal frog from northern Peru

Amphibians, New Species May 19, 2017 at 10:11 am

A new semiarboreal species of the Rhinella festae group is described from mountain forests of the Cordillera Azul National Park between 1245 and 1280 m in the Cordillera Oriental, San Martín region, northern Peru. Rhinella lilyrodriguezae sp nov.

An elfin frog from the elfin forests in southern Vietnam

An elfin frog from the elfin forests in southern Vietnam

New Species May 19, 2017 at 9:44 am

Deep in the foggy, moss-covered forests of Southern Vietnam, herpetologists uncovered one of the smallest species of horned mountain toads.

A new Sillago species, from the Arabian Sea

A new Sillago species, from the Arabian Sea

Fish, New Species May 19, 2017 at 9:13 am

This study reviewed the taxonomy of six members of the family Sillaginidae and described a new Sillago species, S. panhwari. The description of the new species was based on 55 specimens sampled from commercial catches and from fishery surveys on the northern Arabian Sea coast of Pakistan. Sillago panhwari, new species, male.  Panhwar SK 2017.

New damselfish shows rare parental care behavior

New damselfish shows rare parental care behavior

Fish, New Species May 19, 2017 at 8:57 am

Among the hundreds of species of damselfish, only a few protect and care for their young; a newly discovered species raises the number from three to four. Researchers discovered the new species while snorkeling, near where they were studying other brooding damselfish.

Three new species of humming frogs

Three new species of humming frogs

Amphibians, New Species May 12, 2017 at 9:07 am

Humming frogs spend most of their life underground, coming out only a few weeks a year for “explosive breeding.”   The three cryptic species were identified through their genetic analysis. Chiasmocleis veracruz from Forlani et al., 2017

Fittingly and finally, a frog named for David Attenborough

Fittingly and finally, a frog named for David Attenborough

Amphibians, New Species May 11, 2017 at 10:48 pm

Pristimantis attenborough is the first species of amphibians to be named for David Attenborough.  Attenborough’s rubber frog was found in the Pui Pui Protected Forest, a nature reserve in central Peru. The frog is terrestrial and lays its eggs on the ground.  Authors of the research article note that there are more terrestrial-breeding frogs from montane forests in the area that will be described in the near future.  

A cryptic species of dusky salamander from the southern United States

A cryptic species of dusky salamander from the southern United States

Amphibians, New Species May 10, 2017 at 8:55 am

The southern dusky salamander from the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain, first described in 1989 of the United States is redescribed as two species, with the new species as Desmognathus valentinei.

A new frog on the dark side of the moon

A new frog on the dark side of the moon

Amphibians, Celebrity Taxa, New Species May 10, 2017 at 8:15 am

Brachycephalus is a frog genus endemic to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest and characterized by the bright yellow-orange colors and small size.  The new species is characterized by the presence of black connective tissue covering all dorsal muscles and completely yellow-orange body.  Its name gives homage to the music of Pink Floyd.  See also another Brachycephalus  recently described.

A new orchid from Myanmar

A new orchid from Myanmar

New Species, Plants May 10, 2017 at 7:57 am

This new species was only found in the Kachin State, Myanmar. It is epiphytic on trees in the tropical mountain rain forest.

New beetle to honor Canada

New beetle to honor Canada

Insects, New Species May 10, 2017 at 7:45 am

A new insect discovered in New Brunswick has been given a special name to celebrate Canada’s 150th anniversary. Apimela canadensis is a small rove beetle, about 2–4 mm in length, that lives in sand and gravel along the shores of rivers and streams.

Two New Species of Shrimp from the Gulf of California, Mexico

Two New Species of Shrimp from the Gulf of California, Mexico

Crustaceans, New Species May 9, 2017 at 9:47 am

Two new species of the family Alpheidae are described from Santa María-La Reforma, coastal lagoon, SE Gulf of California, Mexico.

Moray eels documented eating lionfish for the first time

Moray eels documented eating lionfish for the first time

First Video, Fish May 9, 2017 at 9:38 am

Sharks, groupers, frogfish, and scropionfish are some of large predators known to hunt these spiny venomous fish. Now for the first time, researchers have live documentation of moray eels preying on lionfish.   See also:  

A new species of Lobster-claw from Panama

A new species of Lobster-claw from Panama

New Species, Plants May 9, 2017 at 9:10 am

Lobster-claws, Heliconiaceae, are large Banana-like plants closely related to the Bird-of-Paradise Plants, Strelitziaceae, and sometimes known as ‘False Bird-of-Paradise Plants.

New Monkey Fruit from Vietnam

New Monkey Fruit from Vietnam

New Species, Plants May 9, 2017 at 8:55 am

Found in Bidoup Nui Ba National Park in Vietnam, the new species is an evergreen tree reaching 10 m in height, with pale grey or brown bark, large dark green leaves on reddish green stems, and dark red flowers that turn green as they age.

Literally lost in the early 1800’s, a monitor lizard species is rediscovered in Papua New Guinea

Literally lost in the early 1800’s, a monitor lizard species is rediscovered in Papua New Guinea

Lazarus Species, New Species, Reptiles May 9, 2017 at 7:59 am

A monitor lizard lost to science in an 1800s shipwreck has been rediscovered on New Ireland, an island in Papua New Guinea. The medium-size monitor, Varanus douarrha, was first identified by French naturalist René Lesson in 1823. The specimen of the lizard collected by Lesson went down in a shipwreck off the Cape of Good Hope in 1824, however, so the monitor lizard was never systematically studied.  Varanus douarrha is now identified as a distinct from a the common mangrove monitor species (Varanus indicus) found all over New Guinea.  

Two new mole rats, one named Dr David Livingstone, I presume?

Two new mole rats, one named Dr David Livingstone, I presume?

Celebrity Taxa, Mammals, New Species May 8, 2017 at 3:08 pm

Two new species of African mole-rat have been discovered by researchers at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), together with colleagues in Tanzania and at the University of Pretoria. The new mole-rats were found around Mount Hanang and at Ujiji on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, both in Tanzania. Fukomys livingstoni is named after Dr. David Livingstone, as Ujiji (the type locality) is the site of the famous meeting on 10 November 1871 when Henry Morton Stanley found the explorer David Livingstone, who many thought to be dead, and uttered the famous words “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”