Amphibians

Four new species of burrowing frog, from Western Ghats India

Four new species of burrowing frog, from Western Ghats India

Amphibians, New Species June 22, 2017 at 10:56 am

Of the 40-odd species of frogs that belong to genus Fejerverya, only one was previously known to have a burrowing lifestyle – the Rufescent Burrowing Frog.  After sampling populations of frogs in parts of the Western Ghats that looked similar to the Rufescent Burrowing Frog, scientists identified four different species entirely – based on differences in DNA, physical appearance and variations in their calls. These new species are the Neilcox Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya neilcoxi), the Manoharan Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya manoharani), the CEPF Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya cepfi) and the Kadar Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya kadar).  

New frog, and 1000th new species in EJT

New frog, and 1000th new species in EJT

Amphibians, New Species June 7, 2017 at 11:33 pm

In its 325th issue the European Journal of Taxonomy, published by the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, has published its 1000th paper on a new species.  This latest publication describes Pristimantis boucephalus, or the Bigheaded Rubber Frog, a minute species with a large head from the Yanachaga-Chemillén National Park in Peru.

A new fork-tongued frog from Vietnam

A new fork-tongued frog from Vietnam

Amphibians, New Species June 3, 2017 at 10:16 am

A new species of Limnonectes is described from northeastern Vietnam based on morphological and molecular differences.

A cryptic species of monkey frog from Amazonian rainforests of northern Peru

A cryptic species of monkey frog from Amazonian rainforests of northern Peru

Amphibians, New Species May 22, 2017 at 2:39 pm

Distinct eye color and genetic data reveal a new species of monkey frog .

A marvelous new glassfrog from Amazonian Ecuador

A marvelous new glassfrog from Amazonian Ecuador

Amphibians, New Species May 19, 2017 at 10:20 am

A recently discovered new species of glass frog from Amazonian Ecuador fully exposes its heart thanks to the transparent skin stretching all over its chest as well as tummy.

A new semi arboreal frog from northern Peru

A new semi arboreal frog from northern Peru

Amphibians, New Species May 19, 2017 at 10:11 am

A new semiarboreal species of the Rhinella festae group is described from mountain forests of the Cordillera Azul National Park between 1245 and 1280 m in the Cordillera Oriental, San Martín region, northern Peru. Rhinella lilyrodriguezae sp nov.

Three new species of humming frogs

Three new species of humming frogs

Amphibians, New Species May 12, 2017 at 9:07 am

Humming frogs spend most of their life underground, coming out only a few weeks a year for “explosive breeding.”   The three cryptic species were identified through their genetic analysis. Chiasmocleis veracruz from Forlani et al., 2017

Fittingly and finally, a frog named for David Attenborough

Fittingly and finally, a frog named for David Attenborough

Amphibians, New Species May 11, 2017 at 10:48 pm

Pristimantis attenborough is the first species of amphibians to be named for David Attenborough.  Attenborough’s rubber frog was found in the Pui Pui Protected Forest, a nature reserve in central Peru. The frog is terrestrial and lays its eggs on the ground.  Authors of the research article note that there are more terrestrial-breeding frogs from montane forests in the area that will be described in the near future.  

A cryptic species of dusky salamander from the southern United States

A cryptic species of dusky salamander from the southern United States

Amphibians, New Species May 10, 2017 at 8:55 am

The southern dusky salamander from the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain, first described in 1989 of the United States is redescribed as two species, with the new species as Desmognathus valentinei.

A new frog on the dark side of the moon

A new frog on the dark side of the moon

Amphibians, Celebrity Taxa, New Species May 10, 2017 at 8:15 am

Brachycephalus is a frog genus endemic to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest and characterized by the bright yellow-orange colors and small size.  The new species is characterized by the presence of black connective tissue covering all dorsal muscles and completely yellow-orange body.  Its name gives homage to the music of Pink Floyd.  See also another Brachycephalus  recently described.

New frog species looks like a small piece of rock

New frog species looks like a small piece of rock

Amphibians, New Species March 31, 2017 at 6:54 pm

The frog species was found in from rugged limestone hills of northern Vietnam.   Researchers suspect that the new species is already threatened with extinction and recommend listing it as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.

Spectacular frog discovered in Ecuador’s cloud forests

Spectacular frog discovered in Ecuador’s cloud forests

Amphibians, First Video March 24, 2017 at 3:23 pm

Researchers at Colordao State University have discovered a new species of rain frog.  The yellow-green frog with eye-catching stripes that was discovered recently in Ecuador’s cloud forests.  The Its name is intended to highlight the overwhelming beauty, and cultural and biological diversity of Ecuador. Credit: Jaime Culebras

A fluorescent frog!

A fluorescent frog!

Amphibians, News in Nature March 18, 2017 at 9:46 am

Scientists believe they may have discovered a first in the animal kingdom – a fluorescent frog that emits a bright, colorful glow once exposed to ultraviolet light. The South American polka dot tree frog appeared as a common-looking frog to the researchers, but when they analyzed the amphibian closely, they discovered that when placed under an ultraviolet light it glows in a bright blue-green light.   Hyloin, molecules in the animals’ lymph tissue, skin and glandular secretions were responsible for the green fluorescence.  Hyloin appears to be a unique mechanism of fluorescence in animals.  

Two Clown Frog Species Identified from the Amazon

Two Clown Frog Species Identified from the Amazon

Amphibians, New Species March 13, 2017 at 2:58 pm

Marcel Caminer, the study’s lead author from the Universidad Católica del Ecuador states “During expeditions to six Amazonian countries, we examined the two clown tree frog species Dendropsophus leucophyllatus and Dendropsophus triangulum, which were hitherto considered ‘universal’ species, in greater detail and were able to show that they do not constitute two, but at least five and perhaps as many as seven different species – two of which we were able to describe for the first time.

A tree frog from the state of São Paulo, Brazil

A tree frog from the state of São Paulo, Brazil

Amphibians, New Species February 27, 2017 at 2:52 pm

Phrynomedusa dryade was initially identified as Phrynomedusa marginata; however, an integrated analysis of morphological and molecular characters enabled its recognition as a separate new species.

Seven new species of night frogs, some of the smallest known frogs in the world

Seven new species of night frogs, some of the smallest known frogs in the world

Amphibians, New Species February 24, 2017 at 9:25 am

Seven new frog species have been discovered in the Western Ghats of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.  The new frog species belong to the genus Nyctibatrachus, commonly known as Night Frogs.  Out of the seven newly discovered frog species, four are miniature-sized species which are among the smallest known frogs in the world, frogs which could comfortably sit on a coin or a thumbnail. See also New Species Discovery: A Doting Frog Father

A tree frog from Tanzania

A tree frog from Tanzania

Amphibians, New Species February 14, 2017 at 5:12 pm

A new, narrowly distributed, and critically endangered species of spiny-throated reed frog from a highly threatened coastal forest reserve in Tanzania is described.

Cryptic species of tree frog revealed in Cuba

Cryptic species of tree frog revealed in Cuba

Amphibians, New Species January 23, 2017 at 9:00 am

A study the variation in genetics, bioacuustics, and morphology in Eleutherodactylus glamyrus revealed a sister species specialized to high elevations in the Sierra del Cobre, Eastern Cuba.

A new Pristimantis species from Peru

A new Pristimantis species from Peru

Amphibians, New Species January 21, 2017 at 11:54 am

A new species of frog of the genus Pristimantis is described from a montane forest of the Pui Pui Protected Forest in central Peru.

New Poisonous Frog Species Discovered in Peru

New Poisonous Frog Species Discovered in Peru

Amphibians, New Species January 18, 2017 at 2:05 pm

A peculiar croak heard within the Amazon rain forest leads to the naming of a new species of frog.