New Species

Biologists probably overestimate number of new species

Biologists probably overestimate number of new species

Species Discovery November 16, 2017 at 10:42 am

A recent University of Kansas study published in the peer-reviewed journal Molecular Ecology demonstrates the misuse and abuse of methods scientists commonly use to place boundaries between different species, especially so-called “cryptic” species, could lead to the overestimation of species diversity.

Not just another tequila sunrise

Not just another tequila sunrise

Fish, New Species November 16, 2017 at 10:04 am

A bright fairy basslet known from Micronesia is now described.  This gorgeous, brightly coloured little fish is found in the Ogasawara Islands and the Marianas Islands in the western Pacific Ocean.  Divers have typically encountered this species in depths below 40 meters, and, no doubt, it can be expected quite a bit further down into the mesophotic zone.  See other anthias discovered in recent years.  See video of the Cave anthias in its habitat.  The species name for the new little fish alludes to the bright coloured cocktail tequila sunrise.  

Small frog lives among Bromeliads in a remote sandstone plateau in Ecuador

Small frog lives among Bromeliads in a remote sandstone plateau in Ecuador

Amphibians, New Species November 15, 2017 at 10:28 am

This little frog was collected during a 2015 expedition to the Cerro Plateado Biological Reserve, in the high plateau of Cordillera del Condor, in southeastern Ecuador.  There is a great diversity of amphibians in the area.  Although remore, the species faces threats from mining and habitat destruction. Pristimantis muranunka. Photo: Jorge Brito  

Little Frogfish “Rediscovered” After More Than a Century

Little Frogfish “Rediscovered” After More Than a Century

Fish, Lazarus Species, New Species November 14, 2017 at 12:12 pm

While only four individuals of this fish has been reported since first described, this small frogfish has actually been hiding in plain sight all along, with countless photographs posted on the internet.   The rarity of Nudiantennarius was really nothing more than a case of mistaken identity.  As it turns out, N. subteres is identical to a fish that divers have been photographing across the Coral Triangle for years. It has been referred to variously as the Ocellated Frogfish or the Lembeh Frogfish, after the Lembeh Straits, where the species is particularly abundant.   Authors reexamined the 1909 specimen, along with a handful of others that matched up withRead More

Not only does this new insect species mimics dead leaves for camouflage, its leafy wings make music

Not only does this new insect species mimics dead leaves for camouflage, its leafy wings make music

Insects, New Species November 14, 2017 at 8:40 am

A new species of bushcricket which mimics dead leaves to the point of near invisibility and sings so loud humans can hear it has been examined for the first time using advanced technologies to reveal the unusual acoustic properties of its wings.

New snake identified on holy mount in Sri Lanka

New snake identified on holy mount in Sri Lanka

New Species, Reptiles November 13, 2017 at 3:47 pm

A New Species of Aspidura is described from Sri Pada Sanctuary (Peak Wilderness), Sri Lanka.  Sri Pada Sanctuary, or Adam’s Peak Wilderness, is a tropical rain forest that spreads over the Sri Pada Peak (Adam’s Peak.)  Adam’s Peak is one of the major ecotourism destinations in the hill country of Sri Lanka.  Its summit is revered by different religions, as a footprint there is believed to have been made by either Buddha, Adam, or St. Thomas.

A new banana from Andaman Island, India

A new banana from Andaman Island, India

New Species, Plants November 10, 2017 at 2:36 pm

Edible wild banana species discovered, the second such on the island in two years.  Musa paramjitiana species grows to height of nine metres and bears an edible, sweet-and-sour tasting fruit, The which has been part of the diet of local tribes people.  The authors suggest the new species might be a good choice as genetic base for plant breeders to develop a high yielding, disease resistant variety of parthenocarpic edible banana The critically endangered species was found in North Andaman’s Krishnapuri forest, 6 kilometres from any human habitation.  See other banana species recently discovered.

Another deep-water sandperch first discovered for sale in an aquarium market

Another deep-water sandperch first discovered for sale in an aquarium market

Fish, New Species November 9, 2017 at 11:58 am

This fish, with its unique dorsal fin was first spotted in captivity in 2016, a specimen purchased from a local aquarium in Belgium.  The new species of pygmy sandperch was discovered on deep rubble zones at Cebu, Philippines.  Other species of sandperch from the Philippines have been described recently, which were also found first in markets (see Five New Colorful Species of Sandperch, Sept 2017) .  

New Species of Damselfly from the Central Highlands of Vietnam

New Species of Damselfly from the Central Highlands of Vietnam

New Species November 9, 2017 at 10:08 am

This shy species was found usually perching in dark forest near streams with large stones in pristine forest, in the Central Highlands of Vietnam.

A rain frog from Thailand

A rain frog from Thailand

Amphibians, New Species November 9, 2017 at 9:39 am

The new species discovered lives in small ponds and can be heard from July to September in Thong Pha Phum, Kanchanaburi Province (for which it is named).  The new finding demonstrates that biodiversity of Thailand is still under exploration and enviornmental measures should be reinforced.    

New Species of Frog from Peruvian High Andes

New Species of Frog from Peruvian High Andes

Amphibians, New Species November 8, 2017 at 9:56 am

Researchers have described a new species of frog from a recent field work trip to the Pui Pui Protected Forest of Peru, an area in the high Andes and a hotbed of new amphibian discoveries in recent years.  The researchers (Edgar Lehr, Rudolf von May, Jiri Moravec, and Juan Carlos Cusi) who described the species named it the Inti Andes Frog (Phrynopus inti) after the Incan Sun God Inti because of the orange coloration.  Analaysis revealed a cryptic Phrynopus species which will be detailed in a forthcoming publication.

A large dragonfly from Hainan Province, China

A large dragonfly from Hainan Province, China

Insects, New Species November 7, 2017 at 1:41 pm

A new species, a big and robust dragonfly. is described from Hainan province, China.  Only a few adults were collected from Mt. Diaoluoshan Mountain in Hainan Island. The population is quite small and all the males were hidden in the very dense forested streams. Males held the territory quite near water, usually perch on the short trees or top of sticks. They always perch but seldom fly, and only appear in the sunny days when the sunlight can pass through the dense tropical rain forest.

A new freshwater crab, from Malaysia

A new freshwater crab, from Malaysia

Crustaceans, New Species November 6, 2017 at 2:17 pm

Peter Ng of the Lee KongChian Natural History Museum at the National University of Singapore describes a new species of Freshwater Crab from Langkawi Island, off the northwest coast of Peninsula Malaysia.  Ng was surprised to find a new species on such a small and heavily surveyed island, and does not expect to describe any more species from the island, so named the crab as the likely last new species from the area.  All of the observed Crabs were living within an area of a few hundred square metres, within Lubuk Semilang Park, though this area is covered with dense vegetation, and similar environments nearby areRead More

New bushcricket species are among the largest insects in the world

New bushcricket species are among the largest insects in the world

Insects, New Species November 5, 2017 at 12:43 pm

A new genus and seven new species of katydids are among the biggest, bulkiest insects on Earth. Found only on the island of Madagascar, the bugs have the “biceps” of a bodybuilder and can be very aggressive—both surprising traits for katydids.

Jackson’s Climbing Salamander Rediscovered in Guatemala 42 Years After Last Sighting

Jackson’s Climbing Salamander Rediscovered in Guatemala 42 Years After Last Sighting

One of the “ten Most Wanted missing amphibian species in the world” has been rediscovered, in recently protected cloud forests of the Cuchumatanes mountains, Guatemala.  A guard at the Finca San Isidro Amphibian Reserve, Ramos León, discovered a juvenile Jackson’s climbing salamander—only the third individual ever seen—on the edge of the reserve while out on patrol this month. He sent a photo to Carlos Vasquez, curator of herpetology at USAC University in Guatemala, coordinator of the amphibian conservation program partnered with the Global Wildlife Conservation (GWC), who confirmed that the species in the photo was, indeed, the Jackson’s climbing salamander. Jackson’sRead More

A new species of poison frog from the southern Amazonian rain forest

A new species of poison frog from the southern Amazonian rain forest

Amphibians, New Species November 3, 2017 at 10:08 am

A new species of poison frog in the Ameerega picta group is described from Amazonia, states of Pará and Mato Grosso, Brazil. It inhabits rock outcrops in open areas near streams of the central Teles Pires River system.

A new species of great ape has been discovered

A new species of great ape has been discovered

Mammals, New Species November 2, 2017 at 9:37 am

A new species of great ape has been discovered, represented by a small population of orangutans in northern Sumatra.  Now the most engangered great ape in the world, there are only an estimated 800 individuals of the new, third and most ancestral species of Orangutan.

This new wrasse is one of the reddish fish in the sea

This new wrasse is one of the reddish fish in the sea

Fish, New Species November 1, 2017 at 11:43 am

The brilliant wrasse is completely devoid of any stripes or spots.  It is a very red fish.  At the depth it’s collected where red appears black, so would be almost impossible to see in its natural habitat.

Accidental discovery finds a new hermit crab using live coral as its home

Accidental discovery finds a new hermit crab using live coral as its home

New Species, Species Discovery November 1, 2017 at 11:15 am

A new hermit crab species can live in a walking coral’s cavity in a symbiotic relationship, replacing the usual marine worm partner.  It is the only known hermit crab species to partner with a living coral.  The newly discovered crab was identified by accident, after finding a one inside a preserved walking coral.  Specimens of the new species were collected in the Oshima Strait of Japan at depths of 60-80 meters, and the species had been previously reported from a shallower bay in Japan at 30 meters.

New sea horse species identified, only known species from the Korea Strait East Japan Sea

New sea horse species identified, only known species from the Korea Strait East Japan Sea

Fish, New Species November 1, 2017 at 10:18 am

Seahorses of the Hippocampus coronatus complex: taxonomic revision, and description of Hippocampushaema, a new species from Korea and Japan.